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Mojave Desert Indians - Historic Desert Indian Territories Map:

Kitanemuk Indians

The Kitanemuk lived in the Tehachapi Mountains and the northwestern edge of the west end of the Antelope Valley. The Yokuts and Chumash bordered their territory to the west and southwest, the Kawaiisu on the north, the Vanyume and Serrano to the south and east. Father Garces visited their village southwest of the Tehachapi Valley on the Tejon Creek in 1776.

The Kitanemuk were dependant on acorns from the abundant oak in the western portion of their range facing the San Joaquin Valley, and pinon pine nuts found on the slopes on the eastern side of the range, facing the desert.

The Kitanemuk, like the Kawaiisu, lived in permanent villages during the winter consisting of groups of 50 to 80 people or more. Other times of the year, these communities would disperse into smaller groups visiting various food-producing habitats as the plants became ready to harvest.

The Kitanemuk spoke a dialect of the Serrano language, which was spoken by groups throughout the San Bernardino Mountains and in the desert foothills as far east as Twentynine Palms.

The culture and customs of the Kitanemuk were for the most part similar to the Vanyume living in the Antelope Valley and upper Mojave River areas to the east. A notable exception is that the Kitanemuk may have interred their dead rather than cremation as practiced by their kinsmen.

The population of the Kitanemuk has been placed in the 500 to 1000 range at the time of the arrival of the Spanish.

Also see:

    Antelope Valley
    The first peoples of the Antelope Valley include the Kawaiisu, Kitanemuk, Serrano, and Tataviam. The valley was first entered by . ...

    History of Antelope Valley
    The first peoples of the Antelope Valley include the Kawaiisu, Kitanemuk, Serrano, and Tataviam. The valley was first entered by Europeans in the 1770s, ...

    Vanyume Indians
    Sub-groups of the Serrano; Vanyume, Kitanemuk More about the Serrano, ... Other speakers of the same language: Gabrielino, Kitanemuk, Serrano ...

    native culture - Indians of the Mojave Desert
    Kitanemuk. Western Mojave: The Kitanemuk were dependant on acorns from the abundant oak in the western ... Kawaiisu. Northern Mojave: Being hunter-gatherers ...

    Language and Homeland of the Kawaiisu Indians
    The Kitanemuk to the south spoke Takic, the Tubatulabal to the north spoke Tubatualabal. The Yokuts to the west were non-Uto-Aztecan. ...

    The Mojave Desert - People in the Mojave
    The northern and eastern portions, for example, were occupied by the Kawaiisu, Kitanemuk, Serrano, and Koso, and Southern Paiute bands, including the ...

    Desert Indians
    The northern and eastern portions, for example, were occupied by the Kawaiisu, Kitanemuk, Serrano, and Koso, and Southern Paiute bands, including the ...

    Serrano Indians
    Sub-groups of the Serrano; Vanyume, Kitanemuk More about the Serrano, Native Location: Mojave Desert and the San Bernardino Mountains in Southern ...

    Map - Indians of the Mojave Desert
    Kitanemuk Northern Mojave Kawaiisu Northern Mojave Tubatulabal Northern Mojave Western Mono Northern Mojave ...

    Uto-Aztecan Tribes
    Kitanemuk - Koso - Tubatulabal. * Moratto, Michael, California Archaeology, Academic Press, Inc., 1984. Source - State of California ...

    Fiddleneck, Amsinckia tessellata
    {Possibly - Kitanemuk, Kawaiisu, Vanyume} Seeds are toxic to livestock such as horses and cattle. References: A Flower Watcher's Guide - Milt Stark ...

    Serrano Indians
    Sub-groups of the Serrano; Vanyume, Kitanemuk More about the Serrano, Native Location: Mojave Desert and the San Bernardino Mountains in Southern ...




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