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Mojave Desert History:
Spanish Explorers :
On the Trail of a Spanish PioneerBy Francisco Tomás Hermenegildo Garcés, Elliott Coues
From Mojave to San Gabriel- 234 - Garces leaves the Mohave villages and begins his journey.
Pozos de San Caimiro- 235 - I departed, accompanied by three Jamajab Indians and by Sevastian, on a course ...
Sierra de Santa Coleta- 236 - Departing by the northwest I traveled eight leagues west one quarter westsouthwest, ...
Canada de Santa Tomas- 237 - In the afternoon I passed the sierra through a good gap, and at the outlet ...
Sierra Pinta-Arroyo de Los Martires- 238 - Here I encountered an arroyo of saltish water that I named ...
Discovery of the Mojave River- 239 - ... I arrived at some rancherias so poor that they had to eat ...
Beneme Indians San Jose Noted- 240 - Here grows the wild grape; there is much grass; also mezquites and trees that ...
Continuing Up the Mojave River- 241 - ... and they hear with attention that which is told them of God.
Past Old Camp Cady- 242 - ... this Godforsaken Botany Bay of a place, the meanest I ever saw yet ...
Another Beneme Rancheria- 243 - Sevastian returned without mishap, praising the kind reception that had been given ...
Politeness of these Poor Indians- 244 - Likewise when the second woman came she expressed her affection by ...
Leaving the River by a Canada- 245 - On my arrival (quando iba llegando) some howled like wolves, ...
Over the Sierra- 246 - I saw many cottonwoods, alders, oaks, very tall firs, and beautiful junipers ...
Upon the Road of the Expedition- 247 - At a little distance from its foot I found another rancheria where the Indians ...
Arrival at the San Gabriel Mission- 248 - ... I was received by the padres with great kindness, ...
The first 5 chapters have been omitted in order to start with Fr, Garces' journey across the Mojave as the chapters beyond and parts of chapter 7. These will be added and listed here as well as in other section as they become available.
The page and numbering format have been kept to individual web pages as in the original volume. Doing so keeps Elliott Coues' notes in order without having to renumber or edit them.
Text from Garces' journal is shaded while Eliott Coues' copious notes are left with a clear white background. My notes, photos and related page links are along the right of the page, or, in some cases, at the bottom below the text.
A league is the approximate distance a man or mule can walk in an hour. This converts to somewhere between 3-5.5 miles
Pronunciation of the letter "J", is Spanish with an "H" sound. The word for the Mohave Indians in this text is "Jamajab", which properly pronounced sounds like; Hamahab, which sounds like Aha Macav, the Mohave name for themselves.
Other Indian names which may at first appear confusing are:
Chemebet = Chemehuevi (a branch of the Southern Paiute)
Yabipais Tejua = Yavapai
Jaguallapai = Hualapai
Jalchedunes = Halchidoma