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Spanish Explorers : Garces - Crossing the Mojave

Leaving the River by a Canada

p 245
70 souls, where I was received with great joy. On my arrival (quando iba llegando) some howled like wolves, and others made long harangues in a very high key (en voz muy alta). Here there were two captains who with all the other men presented me with white sea-shells, and the women made the demonstration of sprinkling me with acorns; some extended this favor to my mules.

Mar. 21. Leaving the river I set forth southwest- ward, and having gone two leagues through a Canada and some hills, I arrived at a rancheria of five huts (xacales) on the bank of the river. I continued on a


" est " " sursueste " and " sueste " are unmistakable in the handwriting before me. The road which I followed in 1865 crosses from left to right bank of the river a few miles above the Grapevine place said, continues past Cottonwood to Point of Rocks, 22 miles from Grapevine, on a southwest course; at Point of Rocks it turns due south to what was called Lane's, or the Upper crossing, and there leaves the river entirely to strike straight south by west for Cajon pass in the mountains, reached in 19 miles from Lane's. This is the way I went, as my itinerary shows: " Nov. 9. To Martin's ranch, 29 miles S. from Lane's crossing; more than half the distance in open country, and then we entered the Cajon pass in the mountains, where there is a tollgate. The pass is a narrow, deep, and tortuous canon, the roughest I have ever traversed on wheels; there was 10 miles of this from the tollgate to Martin's ranch." Now Garces has been sent through Cajon pass, with a query, as by Bancroft, Hist. Cala., i, p. 275; but I do not think he went that way. Taking his courses on their face, he continued up the Mojave

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