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Roads & Trails - History

Railroads of the Mojave Desert

Railroads around the Mojave National Preserve

& the Rest ...

Railroad History in the Mojave Preserve
Railroads transformed the United States throughout the nineteenth century, prompting development of industry throughout the country and providing conduits ...

Kelso Depot
Kelso Depot seems like a quiet anomaly in the middle of the desert—but for the Union Pacific Railroad, it was a thriving necessity. ...

Tonopah & Tidewater - Shoshone
Historic Shoshone virtual tour, Shoshone, Ca photo tour - Death Valley.

Lancaster CA
The Southern Pacific Railroad built a line from San Francisco to Los Angeles which was completed in 1876. Along the line was a water stop located in what is ...

Amargosa River
The Amargosa River Trail was established on the historic T&T railroad grade, ... Go north, along the T&T railroad grade, to the rock-lined side trail, ...

Human Impacts on the Mojave National Preserve Area - Mojave
...Larger scale impacts didn't begin until railroad lines were laid to service mines in ... Railroad lines include the current rail that passes Kelso Depot. ...

History of Victorville
It was named after Jacob Nash Victor, a construction superintendent for the California Southern Railroad (Santa Fe Railroad). The town was established as a ...

History of Homesteading in the Mojave Preserve
When the Mojave National Preserve was created in late 1994, more than 85000 acres (exclusive of the Catellus railroad grant lands) within the Preserve ...

Mining History in the Mojave Preserve
Railroads helped stimulate mining in the Mojave. ... Just after the turn of the century, that railroad extended branches from Barnwell through the New York ...

Ludlow, CA
The town started as a water stop for the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad in 1883. Ore was found in the nearby hills, leading to a boom. ...

Kelso Depot
The Union Pacific Railroad's Kelso station was established in the Mojave ... Stiff competition with the Santa Fe Railroad was of prime concern in this ...

Cadiz, Salt
...Cadiz is home to a former railroad stop, and is situated at 34° 31' 12" North ... Railroads Cadiz is served by the BNSF Railway mainline that runs from Los ...

Helendale, CA
The stagecoach station at Point of Rocks was located west of where the railroad tracks were later put down. In about 1863, the station was burned by Paiute ...

A History of Zzyzx: 1916 - 1944, A Period of Abandonment
As mines served by the railroad became depleted, the T&T barely remained ... The elevated railroad grade can still be seen, heading north toward Baker. ...

Mojave Desert Ghost Towns
Railroad construction camp and shipping center for Walker Basin. ... Little town just about in the dead center of the desert built to serve the railroad. ...

Calico Ghost Town History
To reduce transportation costs, as narrow gauge railroad was constructed in ... A railroad named the Borate & Daggett was laid into Mule Canyon in 1898. ...

Ranching History in the Mojave Desert
Entrepreneurs took advantage of the open range and ready market in the form of miners and later railroad workers by setting up several ranches in the years ...

History of Native Americans in the Mojave Preserve
Interest in building a transcontinental railroad was high, but the choice of route was difficult due to sectional controversies. ...

Rosamond, CA
Rosamond was originally established in 1877 as a townsite which was owned by the Southern Pacific Railroad and was named 'Rosamond' after the daughter of ...

Afton Canyon
Written history begins with missionaries, traders, and explorers in the late 1700's progressing with military scouts in the late 1860's and railroad ...

Death Valley Junction
In 1914 the Death Valley Railroad started operating between Ryan and Death Valley Junction. It carried Borax until 1928, when operations ceased. ...

Old Spanish Trail
With the American takeover of California, there was a strong interest in completing a railroad connection to the Pacific, and competition between proponents ...

History in the Mojave Preserve
Beginning in the nineteenth century and continuing throughout the following century, railroads, power and pipeline companies, and migrants on Route 66 alike ...

Mojave, CA
Mojave began in 1876 as a construction camp on the Southern Pacific Railroad. From 1884 to 1889, the town was the western terminus of the 165-mile (266 km), ...

History of the Cajon Pass
The railroad came through the pass in the 1880s. ... Railroad through the Pass Watch the trains to Mojave Narrows through the historic Cajon Pass ...

Cajon Pass
Railroad through the Pass Watch the trains to Mojave Narrows through the ... A railroad was built; the toll road was paved, realigned and became the Old ...

A History of Zzyzx: 1905 - 1916 The Soda Works
Tracks of the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad, called the T&T, were laid by Francis "Borax" Smith to carry ore, cargo and passengers on a north/south ...

Beatty, NV
The line never did reach the coast or Tonopah, stopping just short of Beatty, Nevada, but served as the "neighborhood railroad" for much of the desert, . ...

Mojave National Preserve
... During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, railroads were constructed in this historic transportation corridor; more recently, ...

Historic Shoshone, CA
... a Death Valley prospector, freighter and entrepenuer interested in establishing businesses along the station stop of the Tonopah & Tidewater Railroad. ...

Boron Cemetery - Mojave desert photo tour
This graveyard was made in the late 1920's for the workers who died while building the railroad. ...

Mojave Desert Route 66
Automobiles came early to the desert, following the railroad with its valuable water resources. In the early 1900's the route was known as the National Old ...

Shoshone, CA
... a Death Valley prospector, freighter and entrepenuer interested in establishing businesses along the station stop of the Tonopah & Tidewater Railroad. ...

Mojave Road
The coming of the railroad in the 1880s made mining and ranching profitable for a time--and immediately replaced the Mojave Road as the preferred method of ...

Mazourka Canyon Route Guide
Kearsarge Station is also gone, although you may be able to find traces of the buildings and railroad bed. This was the local station on the Carson ...

Big Pine to Furnace Creek Route Guide
Along the route: Just after crossing the Owens River a plaque on the left marks the site of Zurich, a railroad station on the Carson & Colorado line. ...

Colorado River - Hoover Dam FAQ
... asphalt-surfaced highway from Boulder City to the Dam site; (3) construction of 22.7 miles of standard-gauge railroad from the Union Pacific main line ...

Owens Valley
Keeler Cemetery · Cemeteries - Keeler wasn't just where the railroad stopped, it was where it all could end. Fossil Falls ...

Stedman Ghost Town
In 1898, John Suter, a railroad employee was looking for water and found gold instead. He claimed the area and named it Rochester after Rochester, ...

Caliente, CA
Caliente, formerly Allen's Camp was renamed when the Southern Pacific Railroad establised construction headquarters here in 1878 while track was laid over ...

Baker, CA
The community founded in 1908 and was named after R.C. Baker, Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad president. Baker was developed later to provide gasoline and ...

Tehachapi Loop Photo Tour
... the 3799' loop to a maximum gradient of 2.2% to raise the rails to gain the nearly 80' required. It is one of the seven wonders of the railroad world. ...

I15 Freeway
The community founded in 1908 and was named after R.C. Baker, Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad president. Baker was ... Mojave Preserve ...

Route 66, Colorado River
The Red Rock Railroad Bridge was converted for highway use in 1947. All that remains of the bridge is a couple foundations. ...

Crowbar Cafe & Bar
Well known for exquisite iron art work, Jill "Lady Buffalo" Thacker, was commisioned to weld the names of local mines onto a railroad rail for a footrest at ...

Nipton, Mojave Preserve, Mojave Desert
... the town came to be in February, 1905 with the coming of the the first train on the newly built San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad. ...

Death Valley in '49
The low mountains as those seen in the northwest direction is the same place now crossed by the Southern Pacific Railroad, and known as the Tehachipi pass, ...

Boron, Ca
Photo Tours. Photo Tour Index · Downtown and Around · Twenty Mule Team Museum · Miscellaneous Buildings · Railroad Cemetery ...

History in the Mojave Preserve
... prospectors, and ranchers used the Mojave Road to cross the desert until the Southern Pacific / Atlantic & Pacific Railroad was completed in 1883. [10] ...

Kelso Depot
In the northwest corner of the depot this room originally served as the Kelso baggage room where railroad baggage and mail were weighed and stored prior to ...

A History of Zzyzx: 1830 - 1860 -- Pioneers & Settlers
Roads for wagons were scarce, so survey teams were sent to locate suitable routes, find reliable water supplies and eventually to survey railroad alignments ...

Kelso Depot
As essentially a one-business town, all railroad employees had rail passes so the need to actually purchase train tickets was fairly infrequent. ...

Kelso Depot
Additionally, in the arid desert setting dependable water source needed for railroad operations was not far away in the underground springs of the ...

History of Antelope Valley
... along its foothills after Fremont's visit and were the preferred way of travel for colonists before the coming of the Southern Pacific railroad in 1876. ...

Mojave National Preserve
During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, railroads were constructed in this historic transportation corridor; more recently, modern interstate ...

Route 66, Bagdad, California Mojave Desert
joshua tree - death valley - mojave preserve - native culture - history - natural features - geology - glossary - comments. click the photo to continue ...

Zion - People
State officials also negotiated with the Union Pacific Railroad to develop rail and automobile links and tourism facilities in southern Utah. ...

Railroads in the Mojave
The coming of the Santa Fe Railroad changed everything. They could haul in food and haul out ore faster and cheaper than the large wagons designed ...

Mojave History - Railroads
All the Native Americans in the vicinity were greatly impacted beginning in the 1860s and the 1870s by the construction of the railroads. ...

Daggett Museum - Daggett California
The finding of silver in Calico and the building of the Southern Pacific Railroad from Mojave to Daggett in 1882, set the stage for history of a town ...

Timeline of History of the Mojave Desert
1906 Salt Lake City–Los Angeles railroad built through the desert (later became Union Pacific Railroad) 1916 Federal Aid Road Act leads to development of ...

Rosalie - Clark Mountain - Mojave Desert Minig History
To cut these costs, they persuaded the California Eastern Railroad ... While the railroad was busy being constructed, operations at the mine ceased, ...

New York Mountains
Construction for the railroad began in January, 1893, and was completed to Barnwell in ... The ore was being stored until the railroad reached its terminus. ...

Avawatz
The Brannigan was worked until 1935, and yielded several railroad cars of ore ... O. J. Fisk, an enterprising merchant at the railroad supply town of Silver ...

Leadfield Ghost Town
Likewise, Beatty, on the other side of the state line, began to experience a' revival in its economy, and the small railroad town, which had barely eked out ...

Baghdad-Chase Gold Mine
Early in 1902 the Baghdad Mining Company acquired the claims and a standard gauge railroad was laid from Ludlow to the mines. By November, Camp Rochester, ...

History of the Eastern Mojave
Interest in building a transcontinental railroad was high, but the choice of route was difficult due to sectional controversies. ...

Providence Mines
The S. P. Railroad was open to Waterman (Barstow) on October 23, 1882, and to Goffs on March 19, 1883. This no doubt was pleasant news to the owners of the ...

Ft. Mojave Indian Tribe - Mojave Desert
Whipple's company surveyed and mapped a railroad route from Ft. Smith, ... Many turned to the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad (later the Santa Fe), ...

Calico Ghost Town History
To reduce transportation costs, as narrow gauge railroad was constructed in ... A railroad named the Borate & Daggett was laid into Mule Canyon in 1898. ...

James Beckwourth
It is also the route that the Union Pacific Railroad (former Western Pacific Railroad) used to cross the Sierra's along their Feather River route. ...

Clark Mountain
Judge Boren urged the construction of a “railroad or otherwise” to connect San Bernardino with Anaheim. In September, Mr. L. F. Loveland, vice-president of ...

Copper Basin
One stimulus for mining in Copper Basin was the anticipated arrival of the Santa Fe Railroad, then working its way across Arizona. ...

Military & Pioneer Period - Mohave Indians
The facts gathered by the Whipple Expedition showed that a railroad to the ... The first step toward building the railroad was building a wagon road along ...

Chemehuevi - The Establishment of the Reservation
She also discovered that the tribal cemetery was outside the reservation on land belonging to the railroad. She apparently initiated plans for the ...

Panamint City
Senator Jones backed the development and creation of the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad. It was grading its right of way in Cajon Pass when on May 17 ...

Mojave Desert Mining History - Includes additional northern areas
Thus, in 1921, Mr. Chubbuck purchased the claims to 1600 acres of limestone along the Parker branch of the Santa Fe railroad to obtain a . ...

Cronology/timeline, Cahuilla Indians
To encourage the railroad, the U.S. government subdivided the lands into one mile square sections, giving the Indians every other section. ...

History of the Eastern Mojave
A more serious blow came in 1883 when another trans-continental railroad, todays Burlington Northern/Santa Fe, was completed just south of the Mojave Road. ...

Mojave Desert - John C. Fremont
A number of government and railroad surveys followed. In 1838 was commissioned as Second Lieutenant of Topographical Engineers. ...

Mojave Desert - Edward Beale
Beale's party crossed southern Colorado and southern Utah assessing the feasibility of the route for a transcontinental railroad. He reached Los Angeles on ...

Southern Paiute Shelter/Homes
Paiute hegemony over the land, water, and resources was displaced by Euroamerican settlers and miners in the 19th century, and by railroad developers and ...

El Paso Mining District
With the railroad complete more efficient mills were within reach and the small amalgamation mills of Garlock lost most of their business. ...

Amiel Whipple
In 1853-56 he had charge of the exploration from Fort Smith, Ark., to Los Angeles for a projected transcontinental railroad route near the 35th parallel of ...

The Mojave Desert - People in the Mojave
With the coming of the Santa Fe Railroad, water and other supplies were made available to companies intent on capitalizing on the Mojave's resources. ...

Death Valley Mine - Mojave Desert
From Cima the ore was hauled via the Salt Lake Railroad and California Eastern to the Needles smelter. At the same time, the Arcalvada Mine, adjoining the ...

People in the Mojave Desert
In command of the exploration from Fort Smith, Ark., to Los Angeles for a projected transcontinental railroad route near . ...

Mining in the Old Woman Mountains
... surveying expedition for the 35th Parallel Railroad. However, it was not until 1889 that real interest in the mountain range appeared in the newspapers. ...

Chemehuevis at Twentynine Palms
The situation became especially desperate for the Indians when the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, which had been granted alternate sections of land on ...

Hart - Mojave Preserve Mining
... anticipated water line from Barnwell was completed by the beginning of March, and in April a siding was built on the Barnwell and Searchlight Railroad. ...

Paiute Indians
Paiute men worked as section hands for the railroad, did intermittent labor on farms, and sometimes worked small plots on reservation land. ...

The California Rand Silver Mine-Randsburg's Silver Boom
With a railroad in the front yard and the Pittman Act pegging silver at one dollar an ounce, the California Rand Silver Mine certainly was found at the ...

Indians of the Mojave Desert
A scout for the U.S. Railroad Survey in 1853 reported that “A mountain range extends from San Bernardino Mountain in a southeasterly direction nearly, ...

Mormon Pioneers
From 1847 to 1869, until the completion of the transcontinental railroad, nearly 70,000 Mormons would make the journey along the Mormon Trail. ...

Chemehuevi, Mohave & Cahuilla Indians
... to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean," the War Department (on May 14, ...

Sheldon Stoddard
In 1882 he entered the employ of the California Southern Railway, and the Santa Fe Railroad Company, under their chief engineer, Fred T. Perris, ...

Darwin
... depletion of high grade ores were two reasons for the smelters shutting down before completion of the Carson and Colorado railroad station at Keeler. ...

Baker Area Gold Mines
The community founded in 1908 and was named after R.C. Baker, Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad president. Baker was developed later to . ...

Chemehuevi Indians - Sources & Resources
... Amiel Weeks Whipple's Reports of the Most Practical and Economical Route for a Railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean (1856); ...

Bill Williams
Yet, Captain John C. Fremont, of the United States Topographical Engineers, was persistent in his search for a usable railroad route to California, ...

Kramer
In July 1884, the Kramer Siding on the Santa Fe Railroad had but one inhabitant, the depot agent. However, with the discovery of copper 3 miles to the south ...

Bagdad Area
... roughly bordered on the north by Interstate 40, the east by the Parker Branch of the Santa Fe Railroad and stretching as far west as Ludlow. ...

Borax at Death Valley
Soon, mining related businesses, railroads, and workers began populating the ... The nearby town of Newberry Springs was first choice for Santa Fe Railroad, ...

The Mescal Mine
The houses were well built, of adobe brick with good shingle roofs, and this notwithstanding that all lumber had to be hauled fifty miles from the railroad ...

Orange Blossom Mine
A Locomobile auto is maintained which makes one or more trips daily between the mine and the railroad, and it is the intention of the management to put on ...

The Morning Shift
“I command you to call every man here,” said I: “they must deliver to me whatever arms they have, and prepare themselves to go to the railroad with me.” ...

Ryan & the Lila C.
Steam traction engines hauled ore to Manvel, 100 miles away, until 1907, when the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad reached the borax area. ...

The Reasoning
... be refused employment, and as the distance from the railroad or adjacent camps was great, they would have a long and fatiguing journey for nothing. ...

Mining in Northwest San Bernardino County
In July 1884, the Kramer Siding on the Santa Fe Railroad had but one inhabitant, the depot agent. However ... Coolgardie. About May, 1900, placer gold was ...

Whipple Expedition
This expedition was sent out to find a "practical route for a railroad along the 35th parallel from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean" (Sherer ...

Owlshead Mountains
A railroad to the deposit seemed to be the only economical way to develop the find. The high cost of roadbed grading persuaded Wright to adopt a monorail ...

Like the Rest of California
The Chinese women were used in a somewhat different way except they were not transported over the Mojave Trail until the building of the railroad. ...

From Mojave to San Gabriel
These rancherias were in the vicinity of the present railroad station Needles. * So my copy, oestnoroeste, but there seems to be some doubt of this ...

Jimville: A Bret Harte Town - Land of Little Rain - Mary Austin
North or south, after the railroad there is a stage journey of such interminable monotony as induces forgetfulness of all previous states of existence. ...

Randsburg Mining District
At that time the completion of the Randsburg Railway made it more ... It began at the Red Dog Mill and ran around town, crossing the railroad twice, ...

Keywords for Development:

35th Parallel
A&P Railroad
Atlantic & Pacific Railroad
Barnwell and Searchlight Railway
Borate & Daggett
Burlington Northern/Santa Fe (BNSF)
California Eastern Railroad/Railway
California Southern Railway
Carson and Colorado Railroad
Death Valley Railroad
Los Angeles and Independence Railroad
Nevada Southern Railway
Randsburg Railway
Salt Lake City–Los Angeles Railroad
Salt Lake Railroad
San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad
Santa Fe Railroad (Santa Fe Railway)
Southern Pacific Railroad
Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad (T&T)
Union Pacific Railroad
Western Pacific Railroad


Ludlow, CA


Kingman, AZ


Hesperia, CA


Searles Station, CA


Kelso, CA


Hodge, CA


Cajon Pass, CA


Cajon Pass

new & updated - ecology: wildlife - plants - geography: places - MAPS - map/sat - roads & trails: route 66 - old west - communities - weather
ghost towns - gold mines - parks & public lands: wilderness - native culture - history - geology: natural features - 360 photos - glossary - comments

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