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Mojave Desert History

Military in the Mojave

19th Century

Camp Cady - 1863, Rudolph D'Heureuse

Mojave Road

With increasing westward exploration and settlement in the 19th century, the route became a military wagon road in 1859 when Fort Mojave on the Colorado River was established. The U.S. Army improved the road in the late 1860s and established outposts for the safety of supply wagons, mail, and travelers.

Other Camps & Forts

    Bitter Springs

    From one of the first places to be recorded in historical journals, Bitter Springs evolved into today's Fort Irwin.

    Fort Tejon

    The post was intended to guard the pass through the Tehachapi Mountains, to control the areas tribes, and to protect ...

    Camp Independence

    Never officially designated a fort, it was established to provide protection for the area's miners, who were troubled by ...

    Camp Resting Springs

    This desert outpost was intermittently occupied during 1859-60 by regular troops to protect a precious waterhole on the old Spanish Trail between ...

    Camp Eldorado

    San Bernardino Camps

Military History in the Mojave Preserve

Conflict between Native Americans and Euro-Americans was the catalyst for the establishment of a lasting federal legacy in the Mojave desert. The Mojave attacked emigrant wagon trains in 1858, prompting a substantial military response. ...

The Military Era

Expeditions

Camel Corps

Paiute War

The Mojave Route in 1863


Forts & Outposts
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