Digital-Desert : Mojave Desert
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ecology: wildlife - plants - geography: regions - places - MAPS - roads & trails: route 66 - communities - old west - glossary - comments
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Mojave Desert Indians - Historic Desert Indian Territories Map:
Indian Culture
(Owens Valley Paiute, Tubatulabal, Western Mono, Yokuts)


Transportation

The Yokuts basket for crossing streams has been mentioned under basketry. They, the Tubatulabal and the Owens Valley Paiute used a tule "balsa", (See Kroeber, 1925:531, 608 for details of this among Yokuts and Tubatulabal, and Steward, 1933:258, for the Owens Valley people.)

Neither dogs nor any other animals were used in native times for transportation. Human carriers among the Yokuts employed the carrying net into which the conical basket or other load could be set. (For an excellent photo of this, see Gifford, 1932, plate 7-b.) Also burdens were carried on the back, a pack strap or tumpline of braided string of milkweed (Asclepias) being slung across the forehead. (Kroeber, 1925: 533-534.) The Owens Valley people used a piece of fish or rabbit net for a carrying net; also a tumpline braided of Amsonia brevifolia Gray or made of buckskin. (For an illustration of this on the conical basket see Steward, 1933: plate 8-b.) The Western Mono used straps of buckskin or braided Fremontica californica Torr., or Cercocarpus betulifolius inner bark and a net woven of milkweed (Asclepias speciosa Torr.) and a species of Gomphorcarpus (Steward, 1933:258; Gifford, 1932:28).

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Combined Ethnography

Introduction & Overview
Tribal Distributions
Subsistence
Weapons, Houses, Clothing
Pottery
Basketry
Cradles
Other Weaving
Musical Instruments & Misc.
Tobacco
Transportation
Trade
Games
Social Organization
Money
Other Social Customs
Ceremonialism
Archaeology
Bibliography


D. Earl - California State Parks


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