Like the Rest of California
The Chinese women were used in a somewhat different way except they were not transported over the
until the building of the railroad. On December 10, 1858, the Daily Morning Call had two articles exposing the ways in which
the Chinese women were obtained for individual use - to offset the woman shortage in the unsettled mining period.
False charges would be laid against a Chinese husband to get him away from his wife. When he was released after a day or so,
his wife had already been abducted. A wealthy and clever citizen of Mariposa had the court award him custody of a Chinese
lady until she worked off her debt to him. (42) Although the editor of the Daily Morning Call and others frowned upon this type
of activity, it was many years before it subsided and California became tame.
The Mojave Trail, like the rest of California, also took awhile to settle down. The later trading activity on the Mojave Trail
was slightly reversed. The Paiutes did some raiding on their own. They stole horses and supplies until forced onto reservations
Army in the 1860s. But even then there were questionable incidents which may
bring into focus a type of slavery on the ranches and even in the gold and silver mines of the desert. One incident was penned
in 1867 in William Jackson's diary.
Young Jackson, traveling the Mojave Trail from Utah, narrated that near the present
Mojave River, a rancher had several captive squaws, one of which
was locked up in his outhouse. The circumstances and motives behind the rancher's actions lead to interesting speculation. But
it must be assumed the squaw was not in there on her own volition - perhaps the early desert rancher topped the Mohave and the
Mexicans both in inventing a new twist to the inhuman institution of slavery. (43) More investigation is needed to bring
light to the intricacies of this and other forms of human bondage.
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Indian Slave Trade