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Mojave River Valley Museum
San Bernardino County Mining History
A Later Mining HistoryOf the Mescal Range, Ivanpah Mountains and south Clark Mountain
Larry M. Vredenburgh - 1996
Except for the Mescal and Bullion mines, discussed in a separate paper in this volume, there is no other recorded mining in the Mescal Range and Ivanpah Mountain until the mid-1890s. A new era of opportunity was ushered in with the January, 1905 completion of the San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad, (now the Union Pacific). The completion of the railroad, which runs just south of the Ivanpah Mountains, and establishment of Cima as a station, provided cheaper supplies and transportation of ores. Completion of the railroad coincided with a surge of mining interest throughout the desert. In addition, the copper mines of the district probably benefitted from a spill-over effect from the 1906 Greenwater frenzy. The numerous base metal deposits were mined during the World Wars. The Morning Star mine, active between 1927 and 1942, was a significant gold producer between 1988 and 1993.
Kokoweef CavesPaul Patchick in 1961 summed up the history of the Kokoweef Caves. His description is ...
Standard CampIn 1896 the California Mining Bureau reported that the Ivanpah Mountains were the scene of active prospecting for ...
Evening Star MineThe Evening Star Mine, located 1 1/2 miles south of the Standard No. 1 began life in 1935 as a copper prospect ...
Sextette MineThe Sextette mine, also known as the Standard Number 2, consisted of eight claims. The mine, situated north of ...
Toegel CityLike the nearby Standard Mine, the Teutonia Mine situated on Teutonia Peak two miles northwest of Kessler Springs was ...
Kewanee & Sunnyside CampsDuring the summer of 1907, the east side of the Ivanpah Mountains were alive with mining activity. Perhaps a ...
Morning Star MineThe Morning Star mine situated on the east slope of the Ivanpah Mountains, north of Kewanee camp was first active in ...
Mohawk MineThe Mohawk Mine, owned by the Ivanpah Smelting Company, was probably first worked in conjunction with ...
GENERAL REFERENCESAubury, L.E., 1908, The Copper Resources of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 50.
Casebier, D.G., 1988, Guide to the East Mojave Heritage Trail, Ivanpah to Rocky Ridge (Tales of the Mojave Road Publishing Co.: Norco, CA.) 304 pp.
Cloudman, H.E., Huguenin, E., Merrill, F.J.H, 1919, San Bernardino County: California Mining Bureau Report 15.
Hewett, D. F., 1956, Geology of the Ivanpah Quadrangle, California and Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 275.
Mendenhall, W. C., 1909, Some Desert Watering Places in Southeastern California and southwestern Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 224. p. 56;
Patchick, P. F., 1959, Economic geology of the Bullion Mining District, San Bernardino County, California: University of Southern California, unpublished M.S. thesis, p. 172;
Patchick, P., 1961, "A geologist's notes on the Ivanpah Mountains," Desert Vol. 24, No. 5, p. 8-11.
Tucker, W. B., 1921, Los Angeles Field Division, San Bernardino County: California Division of Mines Report 17.
Tucker, W. B., 1931, Los Angeles Field Division, San Bernardino County: California Division of Mines Vol. 27, No. 3.
Tucker, W. B., 1943, Los Angeles Field Division, Mineral Resources of San Bernardino County: California Division of Mines Vol. 39, No. 4.
Wright, L. A., Stewart, R. M., Gay, T. E. Jr., Hazenbush, G. C., 1953, Mines and mineral deposits of San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines Vol. 49, Nos. 1 & 2.
Vredenburgh, L.M., Shumway, G.L., Hartill, R.D., 1981, Desert Fever, an overview of mining in the California Desert (living West Press: Canoga Park, CA).
Casebier, 1988, p. 239 - 244.
Hillinger, Charles, Legendary River of Gold Not Forgotten Section II, Los Angeles Times Dec. 5, 1976;
Halliday, William R., 1959, The Cave of Gold in Adventure is Underground (New York: Harper and Row) p 27-35.
Patchick, 1961, p. 8;
Engineering and Mining Journal: Jul. 16, 1898, Jun. 2, 1900;
Los Angeles Mining Review: Nov. 18, 1899; Oct. 10, 1904; Jan. 20, Feb. 24, Dec. 1, 1906; Jul. 27, Aug 3, Aug. 17, Sept. 21, 1907;
Mining and Scientific Press: Apr. 9, 1904, Aug. 5, 1905;
Pacific Miner: Apr. 1908;
Redlands Citrograph: Jun. 9, 1906, Oct. 5, 1907;
The Mining World: Dec. 2, 1905; Jul. 28, Nov. 3, 1906; Jun. 1, 1907
EVENING STAR MINE
Thompson, D. F., 1978, The geology of the evening star tin mine and surrounding region, San Bernardino County, California, unpublished MS thesis University of Missouri, Rolla. p.59. Tucker, 1943, p. 498
Barstow Printer: Aug. 5, Aug. 12, 1910; Aug. 26, Nov. 11, Nov. 18, Nov. 25, 1910; Jan. 27, Jun. 16, Aug. 11, Dec. 8, 1911; Jan 26, Apr. 12, May 3, 1912; Sep. 19, Nov. 28, 1913
KEWANEE MINE / MEADSVILLE
American Mining Review: Sep. 21, Oct. 26, 1907; Mar. 28, May 30, Sep. 4, 1908.
Barstow Printer: Jul. 15, Aug. 5, Nov. 25, 1910; Jan 16, Jan. 27, Apr. 21, Dec. 15, 1911; Mar. 1, 1912;
Mining and Scientific Press: Apr. 3, 1908;
Salt Lake Mining Review: Jul. 15, 1908;
Yale, C., 1908, California in Mineral Resources of the U.S., Calendar Year 1907: U.S. Geological Survey p. 221.
Barstow Printer: Aug. 5, Aug. 12, Aug. 26, Nov. 11, Nov. 18, Nov. 25, 1910; Jan. 27, Jun. 16, Aug. 11, Dec. 8, 1911; Jan 26, Apr. 12, May 3, 1912; Sep. 19, Nov. 28, 1913.
MORNING STAR MINE
Britton, Vickie, "Bright Future Projected for Vanderbilt's Morning Star Mine," California Mining Journal, March 1987, p. 4-6;
Patchick, 1957, p. 168.
Tucker, 1931, p. 304;
Tucker, 1940, 71;
Tucker, 1943, p. 456;
Wright, 1953, p. 49;
Mining Engineering:Nov. 1984, p. 1509,
Aubury, 1908, p. 328;
Tucker, 1921, p. 363;
Tucker, 1943 p. 485;
Wiebelt, F. J., 1949, Investigation of the Mohawk lead-zinc mine, San Bernardino County, California: U. S. Bureau of Mines Rept. Inv. 4478, 7 pp.
United States Mineral Survey 3794, 5372A and B.
Wright, 1953, p. 110;
This paper was published as:
Vredenburgh, Larry M., 1996, Later Mining History in the Mescal Range, Ivanpah Mountains and South Clark Mountain, in Robert E. Reynolds and Jennifer Reynolds eds. Punctuated Chaos, in the Northeastern Mojave Desert, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly Vol. 43 nos. 1 and 2, pp. 73-76,