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Mojave Desert History - Military

Military Expeditions

(19th century)
Map showing 19th century Military in the Mojave Desert Military Expeditions 11-54

1. Mojave Road

Camp Cady

a. Name: Camp Cady Garrison from a patrol of California volunteers

Date: April, 1865
Purpose: To reactivate Camp Cady.
Route: Drum Barracks to Camp Cady. Cady garrisoned for a year, abandoned for a short time and then reactivated by the regulars until April 24, 1871.

Source:

Casebier, Dennis G. , The Mojave Road , Norco, California, Tales of the Mojave Road Publishing Co., 1975, p. 144.

11-55

Piute Campaign

11-57

Mojave Road Inspection

Name: Lt. John Gregory Bourke who accompanied General

George Crook's party.

Date: March, 1876
Purpose: Inspection trip.

Route: Lt. John Gregory Bourke with Crook's party crossed over the Mojave Road.

Source:
MSS "Diary" of Lt. John Gregory Bourke in the Library of the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.

11-58

Evacuate Fort Mojave

d. Name: Captain Granville 0. Haller and the garrison of Fort Mojave.

Date: May 28, 1861 - June, 1861
Purpose: Evacuate Fort Mojave.

Route: Fort Mojave was abandoned at the beginning of the Civil War and on May 28th the garrison moved out towards Los Angeles under the command of Captain Granville 0. Haller. Few details are available.

Source:
Casebier, Dennis G. , Fort Pah-Ute , Norco, California, Tales of the Mojave Road Publishing Co., 1974, p. 26.

11-59

Establish Fort Pah-Ute

Name: Lt. James R. Hardenburgh of Co. B, 9th Infantry,

led a garrison of ten troops to Fort Pah-Ute from Camp Mojave in Arizona Territory.

Date: November, 1867
Purpose: To establish a garrison at Fort Pah-Ute.

Route: Hardenburgh and his ten men marched over the well- traveled Mojave Road from Camp Mojave to Fort Pah-Ute. Fort Pah-Ute was closed May 3, 1868.

Source:
Casebier, Dennis G. , Fort Pah-Ute , Norco, California, Tales of The Mojave Road Publishing Co., 1974, pp. 37-38.

11-60

Reconnoiter Beale's Crossing

Name: Lt. Col. William Hoffman and detachment

Date: December 27, 1858 - January, 1859.
Purpose: To reconnoiter Beale's crossing on the Colorado in order to select a route for a military port.

Route: Upon orders of General N. S. Clarke, Lt.-Col. William Hoffman was to take a company of the 6th Infantry part of the way to the Colorado. Then he would use the company to establish a depot for a later rendezvous. At the mouth of Cajon Pass he met a detachment of 50 men from the 1st Dragoons from Fort Tejon. With this escort he set out over the Mojave Road to Beale's Crossing, arriving on January 7, 1859. Hoffman had a small skirmish with the Mohaves and withdrew.

Sources:

See Lt. Col. William Hoffman to Acting Adjutant General of the Department of California, January 19, 1859, Record Group 393, Department of California. Letters Received, National Archives and Hoffman to Acting Adjutant General of the Department of California, January 27, 1859.

Also see Los Angeles Star, May 14, 1859.

11-61

Mojave Road Inspection

g. Name: Major General Irvin McDowell's party including

Major Henry M. Robert

Date: November- December , 1867.
Purpose: Inspection trip

Route: Major Henry M. Robert accompanied Major General Irvin McDowell's trip over the Mojave Road late in 1867.

Source:
Robert, Henry Martyn, "Journal kept by Major Henry M. Robert, Corps of Engineers, on an inspection trip over the Mojave Road in November and December of 1867 as a member of the party of Ma j . Gen. Irvin McDowell," Arizona Special Collection, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.

11-62

Re-occupy Fort Mojave

Name: Garrison of Fort Mojave consisting of Companies B and I

of the 4th Infantry.

Date: Late April, 1863, to May 19, 1863.
Purpose: To re-occupy Fort Mojave (continuously occupied until September 29, 1890).

Route: From Drum Barracks in Los Angeles area to Fort Mojave over the Mojave Road.

Source:
Casebier, Dennis G. , The Mojave Road , Norco, California, Tales of the Mojave Road Publishing Company, 1975, p. 132.

11-63

Salt Lake City to Fort Tejon

Name: Lt. Sylvester Mowry and a military detachment.

Date: Spring, 1855
Area: March from Salt Lake City to Cedar City to Santa Clara to Las Vegas to Mojave River by way of Resting Springs route to Fort Tejon.

Source:

Bailey, Lynn R. , "Lt. Sylvester Howry's Report on his March in 1855: From Salt Lake City to Fort Tejon," Arizona and the West (Winter 1965) VII No. 4, pp. 329-346. Original in records of Adjutant General's Office, Record Group 94, National Archives, Washington, D. C.

11-64

Garrison of Camp Rock Spring

Name: Camp Rock Spring

Date: December, 1866
Purpose: To divide the escort distance between Hardyville on the Colorado and Camp Cady.

Route: Garrison drawn from Camp Cady and ultimately from Los Angeles area.

Source:

Casebier, Dennis G. , Fort Pah-Ute , Norco, California, Tales of the Mojave Road Publishing Co., 1974, p. 32.

11-65

Prescott to Southern California

k. Name: Brig. Gen. James Fowler Rushing's trip from Prescott,

Arizona Territory, to Los Angeles, California.

Date: April, 1867
Purpose: Bring ambulance train from Prescott to Southern California

Route: A trip from Prescott to Los Angeles over the Mojave Road with an ambulance train.

Source:

Rushing, James F. , The Great West and Pacific Coast , New York, Sheldon and Co., 1877, pp 409-424.

11-66

Garrison Soda Spring & Marl Springs

Date: September 1, 1867
Purpose: To activate Camp Soda Springs and Camp Marl Springs.

Route: Lietuenant Eyre of Camp Cady sent small garrisons to build the outposts at Soda Springs and Marl Springs. The force at Rock Springs was drawn on for the permanent garrison at Marl Springs.

Source:

Casebier, Dennis G. , Fort Pah-Ute , Norco, California, Tales of the Mojave Road Publishing Co., 1974, p. 34.

11-67

MAPS

Howard, Ma j . Gen. 0.0., Map of Territory and Military Dept. of Utah, 1860, Bureau of Topographical Engineers, Washington, D. C, on file with Nevada Historical Society.

Mowry, Lt. Sylvester, Sketch of the Line of March from Salt Lake, Utah to Ft. Tejon, California, May-June, 1855. On file with Nevada Historical Society from National Archives Records of the War Department, Office of the Adjutant General.

Steptoe? Parts of larger map showing the different routes of travel by Detachments of the overland command in the spring of 1855 from Salt Lake City, Utah, to the Bay of San Francisco, Nevada Historical Society photostat.

11-69

Subdue the Mohaves

Hoffman Establishes Fort Mojave

b. Name: Lt. Col. William Hoffman expedition consisting of seven companies of dragoons.

Date: March 26, 1859 - April 23, 1859.
Purpose: To subdue the Mohaves and set up Fort Mojave in their country.

Route: During February and March, 1859, Hoffman built up his forces at Fort Yuma. One company of Third- Artillery went some 50 miles up from Yuma to establish an advanced base called Fort Gaston. Meanwhile two companies of the 6th Infantry marched from Cajon Pass over the southern California emigrant road to Yuma. Meanwhile other companies came from San Francisco and San Diego by steamer to the mouth of the Colorado. On March 26, 1859, Hoffman marched north from Yuma. By April 20 Hoffman's expedition reached Beale's Landing and three days later the Mohaves surrendered.

Sources:

Beiber, Ralph P., ed., Frontier Life in the Army , 1854-1861 , Olga Bandel and Richard Jente, translators ( The Southwest Historical Series , II) Philadelphia, Porcupine Press, 1974.

Lt. Col. William Hoffman to Major W. W. Mackall, April 24, 1859, Record Group 393 (Colorado Expedition Letters Sent), National Archives.

See also San Francisco Bulletin, March 26, 1859, April 16, 1859, May 7, 1859.

11-70

The Military Era

Paiute War

The Mojave Route in 1863

Major General James Henry Carleton

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