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Roads & Trails

Stage Lines

A Short List of Local Stage Coaches

This is a partial list of the public transportation that was available before the railroads came to our desert.

Goldfield stage - 1905 - LOC

Applewhite’s Stage: A 3-bench buggy that carried men from the mines in the Calico area into town to take care of business and to stay at Applewhite’s Lodging House.

Arizona Overland Mail: From 1866 until 1868 the mail was carried over the Mojave Road between Camp Drum and Prescott, Arizona, by drivers William N. Ballard and Frank Clugage. It began as a weekly delivery in a wagon just big enough for the driver and one passenger and soon advanced to twice-weekly deliveries in a Concord stage. After two years James W. Parker, the contractor, changed the route to the La Paz Road because of Indian troubles and the loss of over 100 head of stock.

Kingman c. 1905

Barnwell to Death Valley Route: A route from Barnwell to Manse, Nevada, that for many years had a daily stage using it. The stage was abandoned with the completion of the Salt Lake Railroad, but the road was still used by travelers and miners to get supplies at Barnwell or Ivanpah. From Ivanpah the road ran north to State Line Pass and Mesquite Lake and on to Sandy, Nevada.

Barnwell to Searchlight Stage Line: A stage coach that ran between Barnwell and Searchlight until 1906 when the Barnwell & Searchlight Railroad began operations.

Black Canyon Stage Station: A stage coach stop in Black Canyon for the Panamint Transportation Company.

Black Canyon Well: A hand-dug well and remains of a stone structure on the road through Black Canyon that first appeared on a map in 1915, but probably dates from about 1870 when this was a favorite overnight spot for both stagecoaches and freight wagons. There was a windmill here but it has disappeared. Also known as Dove Springs and Pigeon Springs.

Brooklyn Well: A well in the Dale area that was a stage stop for the Dale to Amboy Stage Line in 1903.

Butterfield Overland Stage Company: A stage line owned by John Butterfield who had a government contract to carry mail twice weekly from Tipton, Missouri, through Fort Yuma to Los Angeles and on to San Francisco from 1858 to 1860. The stage line came through the Mojave Desert on the Ox Bow Route, which was the name given to that part of the route that ran from Fort Smith, Arkansas, to San Francisco. We have found mention of a Butterfield stage station in the Oro Grande area, but all we have been able to learn about it is that the building was torn down in the early 1900s.

Calico Stage Line (1): Between 1885 and 1887 Robert H. Greer and Woodson Barrett operated a stage line, using a Concord Coach pulled by a team of six horses, between Daggett and Calico.

Calico Stage Line (2): In about 1885 this stage line was “restocked with relays of fine horses and a new light running, easy riding Concord Coach,” according to the Calico Print. It made two trips daily between the post office in Calico and the Railroad Hotel in Daggett. The line was owned by William Curry. California Southern Stage Line: A stage line that operated between Calico and Barstow and San Bernardino.

Cottonwood Stage Station: A stage station on the Mojave River about 5 miles north of Helendale. On 18 May 1875, Cleovaro Chavez and about 15 of his gang rode in from the west and raided this station. Chavez was Tiburcio Vasquez’ right-hand man; Vasquez wasn’t there because he had been hanged in San Quentin on 19 March earlier that year.

Crackerjack Auto Transit Company: An auto stage transportation company that had daily runs from Silver Lake to Crackerjack in 1907. One-way fare was $15, round trip was $25.

Daggett to Crackerjack Auto Stage: This first successful auto-stage to operate on the desert was established in about 1906. It was a touring car than ran from Daggett to Crackerjack for $25 per passenger.

Daggett & Skidoo Stage Line: A stage line that came through Black Canyon. This is all we have found on it so far.

Stagecoach photo

Dale to Amboy Stage Line: A stage line from Dale to Amboy in about 1903. The fare was $5.00 which included lunch. The line was discontinued in 1916. Also known as the Buckboard Stage.

Death Valley Chug Line: An auto-stage owned and operated by William “Alkali Bill” Brong in about 1907. He carried passengers from Goldfield and Rhyolite and Greenwater and other places. He would pick up passengers from the Tonopah & Tidewater Railroad at Front and transport them along his route. He advertised “Go Automobiling in Death Valley with Alkali Bill”

Domingo Stage & Freight: A stage line and freight pack train that was owned and operated by Juan Domingo in about 1887. The stage ran from Providence to Fenner three times a week and the pack train hauled mostly ore from the mines to the mills.

Goldstone-Los Angeles Auto Stage: An automobile stage line that ran from Los Angeles to Goldstone twice a week. The trip took eight hours and the rate was $10 for a round trip.

stage coach road through Red Rock Canyon, Mojave, Ca.

Harrison’s Calico Express Line: A stage line owned by Aaron Harrison in 1882 that ran from San Bernardino to Calico. Each Monday and Thursday the stage left San Bernardino at 7 o’clock for the trip, which took a day and a half each way.

Huntington Stage: This stage line, operated by Heber Huntington, was the first public transportation between San Bernardino and Calico and carried passengers and mail. At first the twice-weekly run used a cross between a surrey and a spring wage, but as business picked up Huntington purchased an old Concord stage. After the railroad was completed the route was shortened to run from Daggett to Calico.

Livingtone & Cahill Stage Line: A stage line that operated between Barstow and Daggett and Calico carrying passengers and freight to and from the railroads. We don’t know who Mr. Livingstone was, but David Cahill of the father of “Wash” Cahill and had been a driver on the stagecoach between Barstow and San Bernardino.

Mecham’s Panamint Stage: A stage line from San Bernardino to Panamint that was owned by Lafayette Mecham and was running in 1874. One-way passenger fare was $30.

Nipton & Searchlight Stage Line: A stage line that carried passengers and freight from Searchlight to the railroad at Nipton in about 1910.

Orange Blossom Mining & Milling Company Stage Line: A stage line owned by the Orange Blossom Mining & Milling Company that ran between Bagdad and the Orange Blossom mines and camp in 1908.

Panamint Transportation Company: A stage line that operated between San Bernardino and Panamint City in 1873 and 1874. When Wells Fargo and Company showed no interest in operating this route, the Myerstein Brothers agreed to try it. Within a month Aaron Lane had a crew of Chinese laborers working on the road and six weeks later the first four-horse-drawn Myerstein Stage Company began a weekly route. The route was through Cajon Pass, then Browns Toll Road, Lane’s Crossing, Hodge, Hinkley, Black Canyon, and Granite Wells. Some of the coaches went via Pilot Knob to the Lower Panamint Valley east of Searles Lake and some went via Surprise Canyon to Panamint City. In the late 1890s the line was purchased by the Teagle Brothers. The Silver Stampede (we aren’t sure if this was an older newspaper or a more recent magazine) described the stage route as “Cajon Pass to Heber Huntington’s Station, then to a second crossing of the Mojave River where Barstow now stands, west and north to Black’s Ranch at the tip of a dry lake….”

Perew Auto Stage: An auto stage line that ran from Manvel to Searchlight in 1905 and was owned and operated by Bob Perew. It was initially a 16 Hp car pulling a two-wheeled trailer. The trip took two hours.

Pioneer Stage: A stage line in the 1890s that ran three times a week charging passengers $2 to carry them 5 miles from the Nevada Southern Railway end-of-track at Manvel into Vanderbilt.

From the Mojave Desert Dictionary, Edition 2, Mojave River Valley Museum.
Kramer to Randsburg stage
P. J. Hartt - The Kramer Stage Company:

A stage line from Kramer to Randsburg was first established in October of 1896. It was 26 miles from the connection with the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad. P. J. Hartt was the manager of the Kramer Stage Company.


Stagecoaches in the Mojave Desert were integral to transportation during the 19th century. These sturdy vehicles played a crucial role in connecting remote areas, overcoming challenging terrains, and facilitating regional trade and communication.

Stagecoaches were designed to withstand the harsh conditions of the desert, with reinforced bodies and strong wheels. They were typically pulled by teams of horses or mules, allowing them to traverse the sandy and rugged landscapes of the Mojave Desert. The stagecoach drivers, known as "whips," were skilled individuals who navigated these treacherous routes with precision and expertise.

Panamint Stagecoach
This stagecoach began running between San Bernardino and Panamint Valley in 1874.

The Mojave Desert stagecoach routes were an essential link between settlements, mining camps, and trading posts. They provided a lifeline for isolated communities, enabling the transport of people, mail, and goods across vast distances. These stagecoaches would travel along established routes, making scheduled stops at designated stations where fresh horses could be obtained and passengers and cargo could be exchanged.

The journey on a stagecoach in the Mojave Desert was a challenging and often uncomfortable experience. Passengers would endure long hours of travel, facing extreme temperatures, dust storms, and the constant jostling of the vehicle. Despite these hardships, stagecoaches were a lifeline for the region, connecting people and facilitating economic growth.

Mojave to Keeler stage

Stagecoach robberies were not uncommon in the Mojave Desert during this time. Due to the isolated nature of the routes and the valuable cargo being transported, bandits would often target the stagecoaches. These outlaws would stage ambushes, attempting to seize the contents of the stagecoach or rob the passengers. To combat this threat, stagecoaches often traveled in groups, providing a level of safety in numbers.

With the advent of the railroad in the late 19th century, stagecoach travel in the Mojave Desert gradually declined. The faster and more efficient transportation provided by trains made stagecoaches obsolete. However, their legacy remains, and they continue to be an iconic symbol of the Wild West and the frontier spirit.

Fredrick Monsen photo

In conclusion, stagecoaches in the Mojave Desert were vital for transportation and communication during the 19th century. They connected isolated communities, overcame challenging terrains, and played a crucial role in the region's economic development. Despite the hardships faced by passengers and the constant threat of bandits, stagecoaches persevered as a symbol of resilience and progress in the Mojave Desert.

Havilah Stage - Feb. 9 1872

Randsburg Stage

Wm. Lubeck - Needles - Ft. Mojave

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