WHITE MOUNTAIN CITY
A year after the discoveries at
Coso, J. S. Broder, Col. L. F. Cralley, the Graves brothers and Dan Wyman (all miners from Aurora, Nevada)
came to the east side of the White Mountains seeking placer gold values said to exist there. By 1864 White Mountain City and Roachville
(on Cottonwood Creek) both had regularly surveyed town plats. By 1881, the Tarrytown District was located on a mineral belt 6 miles long
and 2 miles wide that was 6 miles west of Deep Springs Valley. It was both a silver and gold district. Ore values ran from $75 to $150
per ton. The principal mines of the Tarrytown District were the Heritage, which boasted a 3 1/2 foot wide vein that averaged $124 in
silver and $15 in gold per ton, and the Alta, which had a 2 1/2 foot wide vein and 80 tons of ore on it's dump.
At least 8 mines, among them the California, Indian, Greenly and Cairo, were listed as being in the Deep Springs area. Although it
was said that “the development on these claims has been sufficient to show that they will become permanent mines” not much is known about
them. It is presumed that they became unprofitable, due to the drop in the price of silver, by 1893.
Although little is known about White Mountain City and Roachville, they most likely served as supply centers for prospectors exploring
these gold-silver mines and for those working in the White Mountains gold region in southeastern Mono County. As late as 1918 the area
experienced some activity with O. F. Shively filing 11 tungsten claims on the north edge of Deep Springs Valley to develop a series
of parallel quartz veins in granite up to 4 feet in thickness.